Identify and analyze the role/s of various key stakeholders in policy development, implementation and evaluation. The roles of key stakeholders in policy development, implementation and evaluation all revolve around their own objectives. The “actors” in policymaking can be divided into five distinct categories: elected officials, appointed officials, interest groups, research organizations, and the mass media (Finders University, 2010; 35).
Non-government organizations (NGO) play a big role in the propagation of interest in food policy (Finders University, 2010; 36). NGOs can being many different types of people together for a cause (such as the case in Langs (1997) article). The coming together of middle-income individuals, politicians, scientists, activists — among other groups — “helped to set the scene for public vigilance regarding the actions of government and food industry” (2010; 36).
When it comes to problems in policies, the media is a major factor. The media is incredibly adept at sensationalizing issues and the case of food policy is no different.
The media acts as “gatekeepers” and decides what is worth being sensationalized as a problem (Finders University, 2010; 37). Klijn (1996) asks readers to consider the outbreak of “mad cow” disease in Europe, Great Britain and the United States as an example (2010; 37). The media was able to draw so much attention to the issue that people were panicking everywhere around the world. Even Australia began removing beef items from the local grocery shelves (2010; 37). Public panic can be a great motivator for policymakers to do something about the issue.
Flinders University. (2010). Graduate Studies in Public Health. “Food Policy for Public
Health Practice.” Guide To Learning.
Klijn, E. (1996). Analyzing and Managing Policy Processes in Complex Networks: A
Theoretical Examination of the Concept Policy Network and Its Problems.
Administration & Society,28(1), 90-119.
Lang, T. (1997). Going Public: Food Campaigns During the 1980s.